What is Foot And Ankle Surgery

Orthopedic surgery with a specific focus on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of disorders and injuries involving the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles of the foot and ankle is known as foot and ankle surgery. This kind of surgery aims to restore function, lessen pain, and enhance overall quality of life. It can address a wide range of difficulties, from simple disorders to complicated abnormalities.

Typical Disorders Needing Surgery for the Foot and Ankle

Surgery for the feet and ankles may be required for a number of reasons, including:

  1. Bunions:  A painful, misaligned bony lump that develops on the joint at the base of your big to
  2. Hammertoes:  A malformation that makes your toes bend or curl downward rather than forward.
  3. Heel : Discomfort is caused by inflammation of the thick band of tissue called plantar fascia, which crosses the bottom of your foot. This condition is known as plantar fasciitis.
  4. Achilles Tendon Injuries: Ruptures or tears in the tendon that attaches your heel bone to your calf muscles.
  5. Arthritis: A degenerative condition that causes pain and stiffness in the ankle and foot joints.
  6. Broken bones :severe sprains that do not heal adequately with conservative care are referred to as fractures and sprains.

Types of Surgery for the Foot and Ankle

Different surgical techniques may be advised, depending on the condition and its severity:

    1. Bunionectomy: Repositioning the toe joint and removing the bunion.
    2. Hammertoe Correction: Using a variety of surgical methods, the afflicted toe is straightened.
    3. Cutting :A portion of the plantar fascia reduces tension and irritation in the foot.
    4. Achilles Tendon Repair: Reconstructing a ruptured tendon by sewing it back together or by grafting tissue.
    5. Arthroscopic Surgery: A camera is used during minimally invasive surgery to identify and treat joint issues.
    6. Ankle Fusion: Joining bones to lessen discomfort and increase stability in joints affected by arthritis.
    7. Fracture repair :Involves stabilizing and mending damaged bones using pins, screws, or plates.
    8. Removal of the swollen :Nerve tissue that is causing discomfort is known as a neuroma.

The Surgical Procedure

1.Initial Preparation for Surgery:

  • Medical evaluation: a thorough analysis that includes imaging tests such as MRIs and X-rays, as well as a physical examination and medical history.
  • Pre-Surgery Instructions: Pre-operative instructions including medicine, fasting, and lifestyle modifications.

2. While Having Surgery:

  • anesthetic: Depending on the procedure and the needs of the patient, either local, regional, or general anesthetic will be used.
  • Procedure: The particular surgery, which may involve less invasive methods or more involved procedures, will be carried out.


 Dr. Aditya’s expertise in foot and ankle surgery ensures that patients receive comprehensive and compassionate care tailored to their unique needs. With a commitment to the latest advancements in medical technology and surgical techniques, Dr. Aditya is dedicated to improving patient outcomes and enhancing quality of life. Whether addressing common conditions like plantar fasciitis and bunions or performing complex reconstructive surgeries, Dr. Aditya’s approach prioritizes patient education, minimally invasive procedures, and thorough rehabilitation plans. Trust in Dr. Aditya for expert care that helps you step confidently into a pain-free future.

FAQ’S About Foot and Ankle surgery

Q1.Which ailments could necessitate foot and ankle surgery?

A1: Severe bunions, chronic plantar fasciitis, complicated fractures, tendon ruptures (e.g., Achilles tendon), and persistent ankle instability are common disorders that may necessitate surgery.


Q2: How can I tell whether I require surgery on my ankle or foot?

A2: A surgical examination can be required if non-invasive measures such as rest, physical therapy, medicine, or orthotics are ineffective in treating your symptoms or if you suffer from severe discomfort, deformity, or instability.

Q3: What dangers come with having surgery on the ankles and feet?

A3: Risks associated with surgery include infection, blood clots, nerve injury, and anesthesia-related problems. Your surgeon will, however, go over these risks with you and take precautions to reduce them.

Q4: Following foot and ankle surgery, how long is the healing period?

A4: Recovery times vary from a few weeks to several months, depending on the surgery kind and personal circumstances. Following your physical therapy appointments and following your post-operative care plan are essential for a full recovery.


Q5: Following surgery, will I require physical therapy?

A5: It’s true that physical therapy frequently plays a crucial role in the healing process. It facilitates the return to normal activities and optimal healing by assisting with the restoration of strength, flexibility, and mobility.