Knee Replacement


Knee replacement, commonly referred to as knee arthroplasty, is a surgical operation used to replace worn-out or damaged knee joint components with artificial ones, usually composed of plastic and metal. This treatment is frequently used to treat severe knee joint degeneration such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or other disorders that cause extreme pain and impairment.

The Benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery 


Preparation: To determine the patient’s general health and fitness for the procedure, a comprehensive medical evaluation is performed on them prior to the surgery. Blood tests, imaging tests (MRIs and X-rays), and conversations regarding medical histories and current medications are all included in this.

Anesthetic: To numb the lower body during surgery, the patient is either given regional anesthetic (such as spinal or epidural anesthesia) or general anesthesia, which puts them to sleep.

Incision: To gain access to the joint, the surgeon creates an incision across the knee.

Reshaping: The surfaces of the knee joint are free of the damaged bone and cartilage. To make room for the prosthetic parts, the ends of the tibia (shin bone) and femur (thigh bone) are modified.

Implantation: The artificial components are inserted into the prepared bone surfaces. Typically, the femoral and tibial components are made of metal alloy, and the spacer between them is made of high-density plastic. The parts can be cemented in place with specialized bone cement or made so that bone will gradually grow into them.

Closure: A sterile dressing is placed and the incision is sealed with stitches or staples.

Recovery: Following surgery, the patient is moved to a hospital room under strict observation in the recovery area. Soon after surgery, physical therapy and rehabilitation are started to assist the knee regain its strength, flexibility, and functionality.


Pain alleviation: Significant pain alleviation is one of the main advantages of knee replacement surgery. Many patients with severe knee arthritis can resume a more active lifestyle after surgery, which significantly reduces or eliminates chronic pain.

Improved Function: Patients can carry out activities of daily life more easily and comfortably after knee replacement surgery, which can restore the knee joint’s mobility and function.

Increased Range of Motion: Knee replacement surgery can increase a patient’s range of motion by replacing damaged joint surfaces with smooth artificial components. This allows patients to bend and straighten their knees more effectively.

Enhanced Quality of Life: Knee replacement surgery can significantly improve a person’s quality of life by allowing them to engage in hobbies, employment, and social activities more easily for those whose everyday activities are severely restricted by knee pain and stiffness.

Long-Term Durability: Many patients report positive results for at least 15 years following surgery thanks to the long-lasting and robust construction of contemporary knee implants. Patients can profit from a knee replacement for many years thanks to its longevity.

Minimally Invasive Options: Thanks to improvements in surgical methods, knee replacement surgery now can be performed in a minimally invasive manner, which may shorten recovery periods for some individuals and cause less tissue injuries and wounds.

Customization: A few knee replacement implants can be made to match the particular anatomy of each patient’s knee, which may improve the implant’s fit and functionality as well as its long-term results.

Even though knee replacement surgery has numerous benefits, it’s crucial to remember that it’s a serious medical treatment with possible dangers and side effects include stiffness, blood clots, infection, and implant loosening. To find out if a knee replacement is the correct operation for them, patients thinking about one should talk to their healthcare professional about the possible risks and benefits of the procedure.


Dr. Aditya Somayaji is the foremost knee replacement surgeon in Kondapur, known for his surgical precision, compassionate approach, and dedication to patient satisfaction. With expertise in knee replacement procedures, he offers personalized care, utilizing advanced techniques to restore mobility and improve quality of life. Patients trust Dr. Aditya for his skill, experience, and commitment to delivering optimal outcomes in knee replacement surgery.